The Schuylkill River Heritage Area is home to a vast number of bird species, both native and migratory. There are numerous sites and facilities where you can view and learn about birds. The Heritage Area is especially noted for its location along the Kittatiny Flyway, one of the nation's most significant migratory bird routes. There are numerous wildlife preserves, gamelands, and arboreta that provide important bird habitat and make great birdwatching locations.


Birders of all experience levels and interests will find that there are places throughout the Heritage Area that provide excellent birdwatching opportunities. On the border of Berks and Schuylkill Counties in the Kittatiny Ridge region is Hawk Mountain Sanctuary, a key area for viewing birds of prey on their migratory routes. The Blue Mountain Wildlife Refuge outside Hamburg is home to a variety of plants, animals, and birds and provides walking trails. The Black Rock Wildlife Sanctuary and the John James Audubon Center at Mill Grove are great viewing locations in the Valley Forge/Phoenixville areas. In Philadelphia, Fairmount Park, Bartram's Garden, and the John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge at Tinicum are great locations to view a variety of bird species.

There are 6 State Parks in the Schuylkill River Heritage Area, all with trails and extensive woodland and other bird habitat. County and municipal parks also provide great opportunities for birders to enjoy some of the region's outdoor assets.

There are several PA Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in the Heritage Area that provide excellent birding opportunities. These areas include Hawk Mountain, Lake Ontelaunee, Blue Marsh Recreation Area, Unami Creek, Green Lane Park, French Creek State Park, Fairmount Park and John Heinz NWR.

SRHA worked with the Delaware Lehigh National Heritage Corridor and the Lehigh Gap Nature Center on the Eastern Pennsylvania Birding and Wildlife Guide to provide birders with more information about where to best view birds and other wildlife in the region.


  • Observe from a distance, especially around nests. If the birds alter their behavior because of you, you are too close.
  • Stay on trails or roads to avoid damaging habitat or disturbing nests.
  • Stay out of restricted areas and private property
  • Do not use recorded calls to attract birds
  • Take only photos, leave only footprints–carry out what you carried in, dispose of wastes properly, minimize your impact on the site
  • Respect others using the site
  • Spend as much money on conservation as you do on birding, especially support the parks and refuges where you bird
  • Share your experiences–allowing a novice to look through your spotting scope could make a convert for conservation

Birders should also be well prepared for their trip and mindful of their surroundings when in the field.

  • Be sure to bring a map of the area you plan to bird
  • Tell a friend of family member where you plan to go and when you expect to return
  • If birding during the fall or winter, be mindful of hunting seasons, especially in and around State Parks and State Game Lands. Wear blaze orange outerwear if you intend to be outside during these times.
  • Wear proper clothing and footwear
  • Check the weather before leaving

What Kind of Equipment will you need?

Birders will need a good set of binoculars, a field guide, perhaps a camera, and a checklist or notebook to record your findings. The National Audubon Society provides information about how to get started, choose your binoculars, and find the right guide.

See all Bird Watching Sites


There are several clubs and organizations in the Heritage Area that organize birding trips and sponsor special events in the region.
Audubon PA Chapters

Delaware Valley Ornithological Club

West Chester Bird Club

Baird Ornithological Club (Berks County) and blog


Audubon PA
John James Audubon Center at Mill Grove
Hawk Mountain Sanctuary
John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge
PA Birding Trails and Guides (Currently covers the Susquehanna River section of PA. Will eventually include Eastern PA and Western PA guides)


The Schuylkill River heritage Area asks that all birders and recreationalists help to preserve and improve the region's outdoor resources for the future by leaving no trace at the end of their trip.
The Leave No Trace Principles